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Practical Substitutions
1 tbs cornstarch for thickening2 tbs flour
1 cup buttermilk1 cup milk with 1 tbs lemon juice
1 tsp baking powder1/4 tsp soda plus 1/2 tsp cr. tarter
1 cup honey3/4c. sugar plus 1/4c liquid
1 oz( sq) baking choc.3 tbs unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tbs fat
1 c. cake flour1c all-purpose flour, less 2 tbs
1 qt milk2c evap. milk plus 2c. water
1c butter1c veg shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt
1c coffee cream ( 20%)3 tabs butter plus 7/8c milk
1c heavy cream (40%)1/3c butter plus 3/4c milk
1c milk3 tbs dry milk plus water to make 1c
glove garlic1/8 tsp. instant minced or garlic powder
raw onion1/4c. instant chopped, minced, or flaked onion
anchovy fillet,11 tsp. anchovy paste
arrowroot1 tbs. cornstarch
breadcrumbs dried ,1/4c1/4c. cracker crumbs, or 2/3 c. rolled oats
broth, beef or chickenI boullion cube plus 1c. boiling water
butter7 tbs shortening or 3/4c. plus 2 tbs oil ( if recipe calls for melted butter)
chili sauceketchup with a dash of hot pepper sauce or chili powder
chilis, cannedsauteed bell pepper plus a dash of chili powder or cayenne pepper
coconut milk or cream1c milk or cream plus 1/4 tsp coconut extract
dark corn syrup3/4c. light corn syrup plus 1/4 c light molasses
egg yolks,21 whole egg
graham cracker crumbs,1c.22 vanilla wafers or ginger snaps or other 2"cookies crushed
lemon zest, grated1/2 tbs lemon extract
milk soured, or buttermilk, 1c. 1tbs. vinegar or lemon juice plus milk to make one cup, or 1c. milk plus 13/4 tsp crm. tarter or 1c. plain yogurt
tomato juice1/2c. tomato puree or sauce plus 1/2c. water.